Hemp and marijuana are known to be the two different species of the Cannabaceae plant family. If you are planning to industrial hemp, you must pay focus on the leaves and stalk of the plant. Large-scale industrial hemp cultivators grow these plants to obtain their oil-rich and highly nutritious seeds.
Industrial hemp usually enjoys a vigorous growth with length and lanky stalks as well as deep taproots. If you are likely to grow industrial hemp on your farm, you can expect the crop to be ready for harvest in four months.
Listed below is the complete guide to growing industrial hemp:
Select The Right Genetics:
Industrial hemp is known to be an amazing agricultural crop that you can harvest for its seeds and stalks. Thus, you need to take genetics into account. In the present time, many farmers are growing hemp for CBD extraction. If you have planned to grow industrial hemp for its fiber and seed to make food and clothes, always go for European strains like Carmaleonte or Fibranova. If your purpose is to extract CBD from hemp, it is always advisable to look at the American grown strains while cultivating the same.
Climatic Considerations Are Important:
You need to check for the climatic conditions while growing industrial hemp in your farm. This crop is known to be sturdy and durable that is able to grow itself well in a variety of environments. But as this crop comprises of deep taproots, it could locate hard-to-find water. You must take a note that industrial hemp is not an indoor plant and you cannot grow it inside your home. Experts always advise you to grow this crop on a massive industrial scale. This will always help you to reduce your overall costs concerning its farming and will boost the margins of profit. The mild climate is best-suited for its growth.
Quality Of Soil:
Never grow your industrial hemp against poorly drained soils. This is because the excess surface water after heavy downpour shall cause damage to your crop. Hemp plants are often considered to be sensitive to flooding. It is therefore advised to make the use of a firm and fine seedbed to help the crop germinate uniformly. Don’t worry if you are not able to arrange for high-quality soil. Even in the absence of such soil, the hemp plant will thrive perfectly. Hemp plant always helps to improve the quality of the soil.
Importance Of Plant Density:
The right density of plant is also important to flourish the growth of the hemp plant. It is advised to plant the hemp seeds as close together as possible. The perfect hemp field that you are planning to grow shall comprise of thousand plants, each having a single stalk. The arrangement resembles a cornfield. If you are growing the plant for grain, a lower seeding rate of up to 45 pounds per acre is known to be an ideal choice.
Feeding The Hemp:
You can always plan of buying the products of hemp from a reliable source such as Industrial Hemp Farms. However, if you plan to grow industrial hemp on your farm, it is very important to take care of it. This is done by feeding your hemp right. Your hemp plant requires a lot of feeding. In the first few weeks of growing hemp, you must make sure that it receives plenty of nitrogen. Apart from it, phosphate, as well as potassium, are two other important elements that your hemp needs importantly.
Harvesting The Hemp:
When harvesting your hemp for fiber, it is important to start working on it after the final pollen has been shed around you. If you are harvesting the hemp for seeds, it is advised to wait for additional 4-6 weeks. Overall, you can expect your fiber hemp to be ready for harvest within 70 days of its procedure of seeding. In all the other cases, the harvesting of the hemp can also take a total period of 90 days respectively. The procedure of harvesting the hemp is quite straightforward. You are required to work on it when the plant has finished producing pollen. It is important to mention that this plant is sensitive to light. Thus, early planting results in the taller croups as well as an increased amount of fiber.
Retting Your Hemp:
This process is a post-harvest necessity. Retting means a microbial decay of pectin. This substance is responsible for the gluing of the fiber of hemp to its stem. You can consider the option of retting if you wish to obtain the highest quality fibers out of the plant. The process of retting is a little tricky as it relies completely on the weather. There are different kinds of retting namely, water retting, warm water retting, green retting, dew retting, and chemical retting.
Lastly, make sure that the water content of your hemp stalk does not exceed 15 percent by any chance during storage. Follow these easy steps and instructions and you will be able to grow your industrial hemp for yourself without any hassle. Good luck.